HandBrake is a versatile and powerful open-source application for ripping DVDs and recompressing video down to more useful sizes

HandBrake 0.9.4 is an open-source video encoder that works wlth Windows, Mac and Linux computers. In four years it may only have changed version numbers from 0.9.0 to the current 0.9.4 release; but that seemingly small version increment actually reflects big changes.

In the interest of filling in the gaps between HandBrake 0.9.0 and the current HandBrake 0.9.4 version, we should mention what versions 0.9.1 through 0.9.3 brought to the table. Version 0.9.1 provided mostly bug fixes, while 0.9.2 introduced support for Dolby Digital 5.1 audio in MP4 files, iPhone-compatible anamorphic video, variable frame-rate encoding, and greater stability.

Version 0.9.3 brought a much more significant change: the loss of HandBrake's built-in DVD-decryption code, as HandBrake's developers got out of the restrictions-stripping business. However, they made no secret of the fact that if you installed a copy of VLC media player, HandBrake would take advantage of VLC's ability to skirt DVD copy-protection schemes, and thus allow you to rip commercial DVDs. And such is the case today - you still need VLC to remove CSS copy-protection from commercial DVDs when using HandBrake.

Improvements in 0.9.3 included the capability to choose other video sources, including VIDEO_TS folders. Video quality was improved, as was audio-video synchronization. And Handbrake 0.9.3 tackled its fair share of bugs.

Read our review of VLC (VideoLAN Client) media player

Back to the present: HandBrake 0.9.4 is speedier than previous versions. This is partly due to improvements made to the free x264 video encoder that works much of HandBrake's magic. According to HandBrake's development team, these improvements result in smaller, better, and faster encoding.

HandBrake 0.9.4 is also now available in 32- and 64-bit versions for Mac and Linux, with the 64-bit Mac version promoted as offering a speed boost of up to 10 percent. And you don't need Snow Leopard to take advantage of the 64-bit version - it also works under Leopard on any Intel Mac with a Core 2 Duo or better processor. Those with Core Duo or Core Solo processors should use the 32-bit Intel release. A Power PC version for G4 and G5 systems is available as well.

We tested the 64-bit version under Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard on a 2.66GHz quad-core Mac Pro with 8GB of RAM. Using the ‘Apple TV' preset, HandBrake encoded the 1-hour, 2-minute premiere episode of HBO's Six Feet Under in 31 minutes and 41 seconds; the 32-bit version took 34 minutes and 53 seconds to do the same job. Not quite a 10-percent difference, but close.

We didn't see a remarkable change in encoding times when running these same tests under Snow Leopard on the same Mac Pro, and you'll see little difference on a slow Mac - if you have a Power PC Mac, an older Intel iMac, or a pre-2009 Mac mini, you should still be prepared to wait hours to rip a feature-length DVD.

If you have such a Mac and are in a hurry, the Little App Factory's $20 RipIt will do the job more quickly (though it rips the entire disc rather than just a TV episode or main feature, and it doesn't convert the resulting video to an iPod-, iPhone-, or Apple TV-compatible format).

The new version also improves previews: Whereas older versions could display still frames to show how a to-be-encoded video would look with the current settings, version 0.9.4 lets you view video clips, as well, giving you a far better idea of the finished video's quality. The Preview window also lets you navigate to other areas of the video, and choose to view clips up to 60 seconds in length.

A new Picture Settings window lets you adjust the height, width, and cropping of your video, as well as tinker with deinterlace, decomb, and deblock settings. These latter settings are still for advanced users, but they're more obvious than they were in the past.

When HandBrake first appeared, a key focus was on creating videos that looked good at smaller file sizes. The latest HandBrake still lets you create small files, but it also makes it easy, thanks to a new Constant Quality slider, to create great-looking (or, at least, consistent-looking) videos when file size isn't a big concern.

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This feature keeps the converted video's quality consistent across the duration of the video. When using this option, the 2-pass Encoding option is disabled, as it's unnecessary. By default, many of HandBrake's presets are set at a constant quality of just over 60-percent.

HandBrake 0.9.4 finally allows you to include subtitles in your converted video without burning them into the video track. When using the new Forced Only option, subtitles appear during playback only when you ask for them (via a command in your video player).

Finally, HandBrake 0.9.4 loses some baggage from the past, such as the AVI, XviD, and OGG/OGM encoding options, as well as a number of outdated presets - you can still encode video for PSP, PS3, and Xbox 360, but the specific presets for them have been removed, along with the Film, Animation, and Television presets. These seem like perfectly reasonable omissions, given the popularity of devices that can survive a steady diet of H.264 video.

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HandBrake 0.9.4: Specs

  • Mac OS X 10.5 and later
  • Windows XP, Vista and 7
  • Linux: Ubuntu 9.10, Fedora 12
  • Mac OS X 10.5 and later
  • Windows XP, Vista and 7
  • Linux: Ubuntu 9.10, Fedora 12


For those who wish to convert the DVDs they own for the purpose of archiving their content, carrying it on a laptop, or making it compatible with a device such as an iPod, iPhone, or Apple TV, HandBrake is a godsend. It’s approachable enough for those new to DVD ripping, but has enough features for more-demanding users who want to tweak their videos to the nth degree. And who can argue with free?