AMD Radeon HD 6990 full review

The dual-GPU AMD Radeon HD 6990 is the world's fastest single-slot graphics cards. But with that power comes a massive price tag.

The AMD Radeon HD 6990 is a beast. Soundly outpacing the best that Nvidia has to offer (at the moment), this dual-GPU juggernaut - previously codenamed "Antilles" - clambers to the top of our graphics card heap by serving up the most raw power we've seen to date. But then there's the price: at £550, it's strictly aimed at those ultra-enthusiasts who'll spare no expense on their gaming rig.

But rest assured, you're arguably getting your money's worth -- provided you're already living luxuriously on the bleeding edge. The AMD Radeon HD 6990 is pricey, but it proved to be demonstrably faster than its closest competitor, the £400 nVidia GeForce GTX 580. For comparison's sake, I also included the £305 AMD Radeon HD 6970 - the company's recent single-GPU speed champ.

AMD Radeon HD 6990: Inside a Juggernaut

The "Cayman" GPU debuted in AMD's 6900 series, in the aforementioned Radeon HD 6970 graphics card. The Radeon HD 6990 combines a pair of these GPUs onto a single card -- think Crossfire, on a stick. The end result is a powerful graphics card that fits comfortably into a single PCI slot (though the card is two slots wide), leaving plenty of room for a second...
In keeping with AMD tradition, the Radeon HD 6990 manages to eke out serious speed while sipping electricity. It's designed to meet a 300W TDP at its stock, factory settings -- that's relatively meager for such a beefy part. The card requires dual 8-pin connectors, so make sure your power supply is up to snuff before you grab your wallet.

The Radeon HD 6990 also offers up something special for customers who want to grind the most power out of their $700 bauble. A dual-BIOS switch on the side of the card toggles the part from its stock, factory-supported position to an overdrive mode, with increased clock speed and voltage demand. AMD calls it the "Antilles Unlocking Switch for Uber Mode," or AUSUM; I won't. Coupled with AMD's Power Tune application, you'll have a wide range of control over the GPU and Memory clocks. For these tests, I also compared the Radeon HD 6990 at its stock speeds (830 MHz), to it's base overclocked setting (880 MHz) -- referred to as Radeon HD 6990 OC for simplicity's sake.

Before we talk results, lets talk features. The Radeon HD 6990 offers five display outputs: four mini-display ports, and a dual-link DVI port. Every card will ship with 3 adapters (two mini-DisplayPort to DVI, and one mini-DisplayPort to HDMI), for use in an Eyefinity setup. You can drive up to six displays from the card, including arranging five 24-inch screens in portrait mode. Or my personal favorite: driving three 30-inch monitors. If you happen to own, or are considering purchasing three 30-inch displays, a £500 graphics card is likely pocket change (and if you happen to be looking for a roomate, I'm available).

AMD Radeon HD 6990: Crunching the Numbers

On to the numbers! Our testbed consisted of a Core i7-2600 processor, running at its stock 3.4GHz clock speed, 4GB of RAM, and Windows 7 Home Premium (64-bit). The latest drivers were used for both cards -- in AMD's case, it was a preview version of their Catalyst 11.4 driver.

As always, we'll start with the synthetic benchmarks. First up is Futuremark's 3DMark 11. It's the latest version of the tried and true 3DMark benchmark suite, though 3DMark 11 has been designed for the DirectX 11 era. The benchmark churns through a number of graphics and CPU intensive tests, and then assigns a score based on how the hardware performs.

3D Mark 11 Radeon HD 6990 Radeon HD 6990 OC GeForce GTX 580 Radeon HD 6970
Performance 9096 9391 5455 5389
GPU Score 9644 10105 5086 5031
Extreme 3286 3427 1928 1784
GPU Score 3038 3176 1736 1606

The numbers speak for themselves. The Radeon HD 6990 boasts a 67% lead over the Nvidia GTX 580 on the Performance setting, sliding up to 70% in Extreme mode.

The 3DMark 11 score includes CPU tests, so I went ahead and isolated the results for the GPU tests. That's an 89% lead over the GTX 580 on the Performance setting, and a 75% lead at the Extreme setting. In a word: Wow.

Unigine Heaven 2.5 Radeon HD 6990 Radeon HD 6990 OC GeForce GTX 580 Radeon HD 6970
1920x1200 73.6 75.9 48.9 39.7
1920x1200 4xAA 58.6 60.8 40.1 31.6
2560x1600 45.8 47.1 29.5 24.7
2560x1600 4xAA 36.3 37.5 24.5 19.7

The tale is rather similar with our second synthetic test, Unigine's Heaven benchmark. Heaven is a rather forward looking benchmark, gorgeous and graphically intensive in equal measure. If you'd like to try it out for yourself, there's a free version available at Unigine's website. Performance is a bit closer here -- the GTX 580 comes within spitting distance of the 6990, just under 12 frames per second slower at the maximum resolution, 4x AA. The divide grows whenever anti-aliasing is shut off, but you probably aren't going to buy a £500 graphics card to scrimp on visual extras.

AMD Radeon HD 6990: Real World Performance

Synthetic benchmarks are an accepted industry standard for checking out theoretical performance, but let's take a look at how the Radeon HD 6990 fares when tackling real games.

Dirt 2 Radeon HD 6990 Radeon HD 6990 OC GeForce GTX 580 Radeon HD 6970
1920x1200 131.5 131.2 127.5 90.4
2560x1600 102.7 105.8 76.2 59.1
Far Cry 2
1920x1200 142.7 141 115.9 97.5
2560x1600 119.9 123.5 73.1 64.3

First up are our Dirt 2 and Far Cry 2 benchmarks. Both games are graphically intensive, sporting intricately lit dynamic environments and a fair bit of action. Both resolutions for both tests are run at highest quality settings, with 4x anti-aliasing. At the 1920-by-1200 setting, the results are fairly close. In Dirt 2, the Radeon HD 6990 offers a mere four extra frames over the GTX 580. That climbs up to 27 frames in Far Cry 2, but with the total being just shy of 120 frames per second, you aren't likely to notice the difference.

But if you're buying a £500 graphics card, you really ought to be playing on a larger display. At the 2560-by-1600 level of our benchmarks, the Radeon HD 6990 takes advantage of that 4GB of DDR5 memory to maintain a much stronger lead -- to the tune of 35% in Dirt 2, and 64% in Far Cry 2.

STALKER: Call of Pripyat Radeon HD 6990 Radeon HD 6990 OC GeForce GTX 580 Radeon HD 6970
1920x1200 104.15 108.1 85.02 72
1920x1200 4xAA 84.025 87.2 54.87 48.8
2560x1600 81.82 83.5 53.82 48.55
2560x1600 4xAA 58.6 60.9 35 32

Our last two games tests are even more intensive. We'll start with S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat. With an emphasis on dynamic shadows and tessellation, it's the first test that manages to pull even the lofty Radeon HD 6990 into the double digits.

A result of 30 frames per second is generally considered playable. Both the GTX 580 and the Radeon HD 6970 manage to hit that mark at the highest level of our test, but if you're playing on a 30-inch display with all of the bells and whistles cranked up, the Radeon HD 6990 remains an overall smoother experience.

Just Cause 2 Radeon HD 6990 Radeon HD 6990 OC GeForce GTX 580 Radeon HD 6970
1920x1200 78.52 80.32 43.51 51.08
1920x1200 4xAA 75.03 76.59 41.08 42.9
2560x1600 66.71 68.48 31.6 36.24
2560x1600 4xAA 55.7 57.09 25.92 30.3

The same goes for Just Cause 2, the most strenuous of our gaming tests.

In this case, the GTX 580 actually dips just under the playability line, and the Radeon HD 6970 is hanging on for dear life.

The Radeon HD 6990 tackles the title with aplomb, its twin GPUs managing to double the performance of Nvidia's offering.

There's a lot to consider when measuring the overall value and efficiency of the Radeon HD 6990. First, there's the dollars per frames per second measure, which I'm summarized in this handy chart - using US prices as a bassline. In a nutshell, this compares the price of each card to the average frames per second achieved in our games tests. I included the results of the Radeon HD 6990 in its overclocked mode, for good measure.

The overall winner from a pragmatic perspective is the £305 Radeon HD 6970. It doesn't offer up nearly as impressive performance as its pricier rivals, but it sits at a price that's a bit more cost-effective. At a 1920-by-1200 pixel resolution, the Nvidia GeForce GTX 580 is technically the better deal. But once you've cranked up the resolution to 2560-by-1600, the Radeon HD 6990 offers a strong price to performance ratio -- particularly when running at the overclocked BIOS setting mode.

AMD Radeon HD 6990: Power, and Efficiency

Next, we'll take a look at power efficiency. This one is going to be a little counter intuitive: when under a full load, the Radeon HD 6990 used more power overall. But it generally did so more efficiently. To arrive at these figures, I divided the power used under load by the average results for our games tests. At the 1920-by-1200 resolution, the Radeon HD 6990 and the GTX 580 are pretty much neck and neck. They're both consuming substantially more power than the Radeon HD 6970, but they're generating plenty more frames as a result. The picture becomes much better when we crank the resolution up to 2560-by-1600 pixels. Here the Radeon HD 6990 is the clear winner, making the most of its power consumption.

That the Radeon HD 6990 manages to post such impressive results while sitting at about 300W is really impressive. Switching over to the overclocked BIOS mode is a bit less energy efficient, but that much is expected.

Next page: Our expert verdict >>

See also:

Group test: what's the best budget graphics card?

Group test: what's the best graphics card?

Graphics card reviews


AMD Radeon HD 6990: Specs

  • Graphics Engine: AMD Radeon HD 6970
  • Bus Standard PCI Express 2.1
  • OpenGL OpenGL4.1
  • Video Memory 4GB GDDR5
  • Engine Clock 830MHz
  • Stream Processors 1536
  • Memory Clock 5000MHz (1250MHz GDDR5)
  • Memory Interface 256 bit
  • DVI Max. Resolution 2560 1600
  • DVI Output 1. YES X3 (Dual-link DVI-I*1, 2. via Mini DP-to-DVI(active) adaptor*1, 3.via Mini DP-to-DVI(passive) adaptor*1)
  • HDMI Output 1. YES X1 (via Mini DP-to-HDMI adaptor)
  • HDCP compliant
  • DisplayPort 1. YES X4 (Native Mini DP)

Best prices today

Retailer Price Delivery  

Price comparison from over 24,000 stores worldwide