Your computer's BIOS - Basic Input/Output System - is a chip on the motherboard which contains enough information to allow it to start up before the main operating system begins to load. Here's everything you need to know about how to update a PC BIOS, whether traditional or the newer UEFI standard.
Do I need to update the BIOS?
Before you start, a warning: if something goes wrong during the BIOS update, your computer could be rendered useless. If there's a power cut, or the computer gets turned off while updating, it could mean that it's unable to boot at all. It's very unlikely, but it's possible.
For this reason, it's worth checking whether you really need to update your BIOS. Read the release notes of the latest version (and each version back to the one currently installed) to see whether it will add the features you need or fix a problem you're having. If not, there may be little point in taking the risk by updating.
Sometimes you will need to update the BIOS in order for the motherboard to properly support a new processor or other hardware, or to fix bugs and improve stability or performance.
How to update the BIOS
Here's the usual process:
- Download BIOS from manufacturer's website
- Unzip it and copy to a spare USB flash drive
- Restart your computer and enter the BIOS
- Use the menus to update the BIOS
It's good to have a spare copy of all important files from your PC before you start. Though a failed BIOS update doesn't endanger the data on your hard drive directly, you will be able to access your files and continue working with them on another computer if you have a backup on a removable drive.
Similarly, creating a backup of your BIOS is also a good idea. Sometimes this will be done automatically as part of the updating process, but if it requires you to do it manually, be sure not to skip this step.
Identify the make and model
It's crucial to know the precise make and model of your board. The full model name – such as Z170A Gaming Pro – is usually found somewhere on the board itself. It’s important as there are ususally subtly different versions, and each might have its own individual BIOS. Plus, you should note down the revision number – for example REV 1.03G as it may require a different BIOS file to previous revisions.
If you're updating a laptop, you need only to find the make and exact model of the machine itself.
Check the current BIOS version
Identifying your BIOS version is easy: hold down the Windows key+ R to bring up the Run command prompt and type in msinfo32. In the System Information window which appears, select System summary on the left and look for the entry BIOS Version/Date on the right.
Download the latest BIOS file
Head to the motherboard or laptop manufacturer's website and look for a support link. You should be able to search for the model and see a list of available downloads, which might include manuals, drivers and BIOS files.
If a BIOS update is among them, it‘s time to check the numbers. Is the update newer than your current version? And if so, does it state that your specific problem will be addressed in the documentation? If everything applies, it's time to download.
Older BIOS downloads used to include a flash program which would run from the USB drive after you type in a command at the prompt.
However, modern boards tend to have a utility built into the BIOS itself so the .zip file you download contains only the BIOS update file and a text file of some sort detailing the release notes.
At this point, it's worth reading any instructions on the manufacturer's website about the exact updating process for your BIOS. They do vary, and you may need to configure some things before starting the update process, such as disabling secure boot modes and fast boot modes.
Most of the time, you just need to extract the files from the zip file and copy them to a USB drive.
How do I update my BIOS?
In the BIOS itself
For many motherboards, you just need to enter the BIOS and search the menu for an option like "EZ Flash" "M Flash" or "Q Flash". Just follow the on-screen instructions to select the BIOS file from your USB drive.
If there is one, run the Update utility of provided by your manufacturer. You often get the option of doing a backup of your BIOS beforehand. Look for an entry along the lines of "Save current BIOS data" and select a folder of your choice to store it in.
To download the update, you will now need to look for an option that has a similar name to "Update BIOS from the Internet" and click on it. If the default server does not respond, you can usually find an "Auto Select" option nearby to switch to another one. In the unlikely event that a newer version of your updating software is available, you will likely be required to download it first, so don't worry about that.
After finding a newer version of your BIOS software, download it and click on "Update BIOS from a file" to select it for the process. Depending on your updating utility, you might arrive at a final page that compares the information of your old BIOS version with the new one – this is your last chance to check of everything is in order. If you are absolutely positive to start to process, click on "Update" or "Flash". After the process is done, reboot your PC for the changes to take effect.
For this to work, see how to make a bootable USB drive below.
Insert your USB drive into a port and turn your PC on. So long as your boot sequence is set to look for removable drives first your PC should load it up automatically, resulting in the display of a DOS prompt.
Enter the name of the flash tool – such as awdflash.exe – and press Enter. You should be able to use the name of the .exe file that you copied to your USB drive. If in doubt, type dir at the prompt which will give you a list of the files on the drive.
It should then be a case of following the instructions on screen. If you can, create a backup of your BIOS before continuing on. Otherwise, select the file you wish to update your BIOS with, wait for it to load and confirm the updating process.
Check BIOS settings
Once the flashing tool has successfully finished updating, you can restart your PC immediately and resume working with the new BIOS. However, we recommend checking some things first.
Enter the BIOS using the appropriate key when the PC is starting up. Check the main settings to ensure the date and time are correct, that the boot order is how you want it, and make sure everything else looks correct. Don't worry too much about the advanced settings unless you experience any problems. If you noted down your previous BIOS settings or know them by heart, configure them accordingly. Make sure to save your changes before exiting again.
How to make a bootable USB drive
To make a USB drive bootable, you will need a utility such as Rufus or Unetbootin. You will need a ISO image as well, and FreeDOS is the most appropriate for installing BIOS updates. Once you have the bootable drive, copy all necessary BIOS and update utility files onto it which you downloaded from the manufacturer's website
The update failed: what now?
In spite of every precaution and safety measure, the update can still fail - whether it be due to unexpected incompatibility issues, an unfortunate blackout or the cat walking on the keyboard.
Here's what to do: If still functional, do not turn your PC off. Close the flash updating tool and restart the updating process anew to see if it works. If you made a backup of the BIOS, you can try selecting that file to install instead of the newer one. Some motherboards have a backup BIOS, so you may be able to restore the information from that: check your manual or instructions online for how to do it.
Alternatively, it is also worth checking out whether or not the manufacturer sells its BIOS chips directly over an online shop, which more often than not turns out to be much cheaper.
If it's time for a new board, here are the best budget motherboards to buy.