Forgive me if I am reading this wrong but you say you went into troubleshooting via a restart so at some point you must have got to desktop.
When you get to desktop again this is what you need to do , type run into your search box and you will get a box come up with the run command at the side of an empty space for you to type something into it.
Type netplwiz into the run box and follow the prompts , from now on you with not get the extra screen before your desktop asking you for a password.
Please note.... some parts of Microsoft such as "sign in with Microsoft" to access your personal account and browsing history will lock you out for 1 month if you keep trying to log in with different passwords or keep changing it because their systems will flag it up as suspicious activity.
When you do get it sorted out you will still get a message pop up bottom right saying your account needs attention , just ignore it.