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My hard drive needs to be reformatted. Unfortunately I cannot find the recovery disk. I've tried to do another but computer says no. What are my options?
"What are my options?"
That depends on if you have a recovery partition !
If not an xp ( assuming xp) disc will will be required.
To format the drive,the best freeware is Dban or Killdisk click here and click here though bear in mind you will need your motherboard drivers,worth collecting them first before formatting.
Your post gives us very little to work with;
xp or vista ?
Have you tried F10 or F11 on startup to see if there is a recovery/restore partition ?
Please post as much info as possible,this will aid us to help you.
If you "cannot find the recovery disk" and manage to format the drive (so that all data on it is lost), do you have a method of reinstalling the operating system?
Ok, sorry for not giving you much info. Its my partners computer, about 4 years old and using windows xp. Its running very slow, keeps freezing etc and at times sounds like it want to take off! Tried all the usual system tools etc, disk cleaning to no avail. She has in the past been obsessed with downloading any free pop up advert known to man and I suspect there is just so much rubbish on the drive. I've done an up to date virus check and used spyware programs as well to help clean it up. I followed the instruction book advise to create a recovery disk, but needless to say the computer wouldn't allow it because one had already been made. Equally predicatably my better half cannot locate said recovery disc. Thanks for the advise so far tho.
a) Clear out all temporay files and folders -- use Crap Cleaner click here
b) Scan for malware spyware and viruses --Free Anti Spyware :-
Superantispyware click here
Malware removal tool click here
Free Antivirus software
Avast4 click here
AVG antivirus click here
c) Clean the registry -- Free Registry cleaners :-
RegscrubVistaXp click here
Regseeker click here
TweakNow RegCleaner 1.3.2 click here
Easycleaner click here ( Use with care, It advises you to back up the registry first, this is a good idea as it cleans rather aggressively. )
d) Pagefile (Virtual Memory) -- Rght click MY Computer - select propeties - Advanced tab - Performance - advanced tab - Virtual memory click change, you can put the page file on a differnt drive (if you have one), click custom size and set Initial size to one and a half times the amount of memory you have fitted i.e. 512MB memory = set to 768MB, set maximum to double your memory amount i.e. 512MB memory = 1024MB click ok.
If your hard drive is full and there is not enough room for the pagefile this can slow down, freeze or even cause the PC to crash (restart).
e) Cut down on the programs that load at startup -- Start - Run type msconfig - startup tab- untick everything except for firewall, antivirus and antispyware
and the services that run in the background. click here
a) Hard drives / IDE Channels:
i) Check the transfer rate, you need to have the transfer mode set to DMA not PIO.
Right click My Computer - Properties - Hardware - Device Manager - Expand (click the + ) IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers right click Primary Channel - Advanced Settings Tab -
If transfer Mode is PIO then follow the instructions at click here to change.
ii) Check for errors and defrag your hard drives -- My Computer - select drive - properties - tool tab - Error checking / Defragmentation.
ii) If you are using Windows XP or Vista, it's a good idea to convert your system drive to the NTFS file system if you have not already. In addition to providing numerous security and data recovery improvements over FAT32 (the file system of choice for Windows 9x/ME and XP Home) it can also speed up your system slightly.
In fact, the only real reason for sticking with the FAT32 file system for any of your data is if you have more than one operating system on your PC and the other OS's can only see FAT32 partitions (as would be the case with Windows 98, for example, which is incapable of reading NTFS data).
To convert your drives to NTFS:
Right click on 'my computer' and select 'manage'
From the computer management window, expand storage and select 'disk management.'
Using the 'file system' column of the upper pane of this window, you can easily check what file system each of your logical drives is using. Make a note of this information.
Now open a command prompt window by going to 'start\run' and typing 'cmd'
To convert a disk to NTFS, type 'convert (drive letter): /fs:ntfs'
So for example, if you were going to convert your C: drive, you would type 'Convert c: /fs:ntfs' at the prompt.
Obtain the newest drivers for your hardware
This may seem a bit obvious, but keeping your system's drivers up to date can give both your performance and stability a boost. Video card manufacturers release updates especially often, and these can often give "significant boosts" to gaming performance as video card in question is "optimized."
Don't neglect the other components of your system either. Your motherboard manufacturer may have released newer versions of its Input/output drivers for your board, and sound cards and other peripherals can also benefit from newer software.
Add more physical memory, this of course means opening the "box" and fitting a memory module, make sure you buy one that is suitable for your PC. Crucial .com click here will guide you through the process of slecting the correct memory. click here for a guide to fitting memory.
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