The reason i ask this question is my friend took there pc in to be fix because the pc couldn't boot up correctly and the man at the shop told her that cause her pc was not shut down correctly it caused damage to the hard drive, i was just wondering if this is possible also is there somewhere i can make a backup disc for win xp pro and would this disc act as a recovery disc? Thanx in advance.
i dont think it can physically harm the drive but if you dont shut down correctly your unsaved data may be lost and then chkdsk normally runs when you switch on again.this is usually just to check for data errors not physical damage.
Why don't you have any disks with your PC? If not you can use Norton Ghost, Drive Image or Acronis True Image 6.0 to take an image of your system so you can restore it to the same point in the future. I had no disks with my 98SE PC and I just used an image to restore to. I have even took an image on XP, just in case. TR
It is possible to cause bad sectors if you get a power outage but these can be corrected by using a disk utility from the drive manifacturers site: these will mark the bad blocks so that the system does not use them.
Most windows O/S's run scandisk on bootup if the shutdown procedure was incorrect.
Norton Ghost is good for restoring the system as it can be run from a floppy if you system fails. Nero has a backup facility but I have not tried it yet.
It cannot cause any physical damage. It doesn't matter how the power is cut to a PC - by switch off, or sudden power loss - the hard disk does the same thing when it's power goes off - namely self-park and spin-down.
If it's in the middle of writng though, when the power is suddenly cut, it can lose data. If the data that is damaged is the FAT tables, this mean be quite serious corruption.
So it is possible that you may have to recover data/reload programs, and let ScanDisk or Checkdisk sort out corruption. In a really bad case you may even need to reformat and reload your backups.