One option is to get an appropriate caddy / docking station for the drive & connect it to another working PC (host) & check it from there. If the drive is not defective, you can also backup its data if you do this. Make sure the host system has an up-to-date & running antivirus & antimalware software before connecting it up.
To begin with, tell us the exact model of the laptop & hard drive capacity, so we can suggest the correct caddy required. This shouldn't be more than £10-20 (which is a small price to pay I reckon), & should come in handy in the future as well. G