and much to do with the Society in which they live.
The descriptive word for that kind of Society is "Patriarchal" but that had, sort of, cuddly overtones. Male Dominant, barely covers the attitude of some Males in that Society to the position of the Female and particularly, Members of their own Family, which is akin to Ownership.
There is little point in disagreeing with them, because their pitiful minds feel that they have to enforce their position in Society by condemning the Opposite Sex to a position of near Slavery.
100 years ago many women in the UK had very little rights and it was only relatively recently that they had 'equal' rights. Might be worth reading a bit of British history first. There are also quite a few stories of women being hideously disfigured by stalkers/relatives in the UK.
in which women are dominated by men, and in such societies violence is always used as a means of control - not by every man, but by a lot of them.
Cruelty is not a word these men understand when applied to what they do, their need to feel respected by other men in the community overrides every other consideration. They're weak, but they can't understand it, they fear women as much as anything else.
The answer is education - educated women become organised women, and organised women can be a formidable force for change. It will happen, but not quickly enough for a lot of women like Aisha.