Would have been much easier, and quicker if you had chosen to Clone your old hard drive to the new drive. This is exactly what the Clone option in Acronis is for!
With the new drive in a USB Enclosure, you should run Acronis and choose the Clone option. Just follow the on-screen directions, using all default settings. It will not take too long.
Once the Cloning is finished, it is simply a matter of replacing the old drive with the new drive. Then when you re-boot your computer everything will be exactly as before, except for the Capacity of the drive (new) now shown in My Computer.