The mobile device centre will not work with older versions of Outlook. You will need Outlook 2003 or newer. If you use an older version Vista, in its inimitable way, suggests a solution - update to the newer Microsoft software!
Without a new version of Outlook you will be able to copy files but syncing calendars etc. will not be possible.
I was unable to sync with Windows Calendar. If I remember correctly, mobile device centre does not give you the option to sync calendar unless you have Outlook installed. I would be interested to know if you find a way to do this.