With the release of Windows 10 S Microsoft has made a play for the budget/education market that’s currently the province of Google’s Chrome OS and Chromebooks.

So does the newcomer have what it takes to unseat the king of cheap laptops? We put the two head to head and find out. It’s Windows 10 S Vs Chrome OS.

What is Windows 10 S?

At a recent event Microsoft unveiled a new, slimmed down version of Windows 10 that’s aimed squarely at both the education and entry level markets. While it’s still a proper version of Windows 10, S does have some purposeful limitations intended to make the operating system fast, secure, and simple to run.

So far it’s only available on the new Microsoft Surface Laptop, as well as a number of newly announced budget laptops, but it’s possible that it could become a downloadable OS from the Windows Store in time.  

Windows 10 S v Chrome OS

Which features are missing?

Windows 10 S looks and acts like standard Windows 10 in many ways, in fact Microsoft describes it as a ‘specific configuration of Windows 10 Pro that offers a familiar, productive Windows experience that’s streamlined for security and performance’.  

The major difference is that this is a locked down environment that will only allow you to download apps from the Windows Store.

Microsoft says this is to ensure security, as all the apps will be vetted to guarantee no nasty malware will make it’s way onto the system.

This tight control over the system is also posited as a way to prevent PCs from slowing down over time, which is often caused by cruft building up in the start up sequences as well as apps making demands of system resources.  

It’s Windows, Jim. But not as we know it.

Windows 10 S vs Chrome OS

Google’s Chrome OS is another lightweight system that acts as the powering force behind Chromebooks.

While Windows 10 S is more of a traditional PC-style operating system that installs apps locally on the hard drive, Chrome OS looks to the internet as it’s primary source.

Apps can be downloaded from the Google Play Store, but in essence they are really shopfronts for web-based apps, as nearly everything Chrome OS does is online.

If you’ve used the Chrome browser, then the layout of Chrome OS is pretty much identical. Everything is conducted through browser windows, with the majority of tasks linking to servers in the cloud.

Windows 10 S vs Chrome OS

Originally this meant that using Chrome OS offline was pretty much impossible, but over the years a number of apps - including Google’s own Docs, Numbers, Sheets, and others - now allow you to work offline and then sync with the web servers once you find a Wi-Fi point.

Windows 10 S is definitely more advanced in terms of file management and design, but the simplicity of Chrome OS can be very good for casual users who just want to browse the web or do basic office-related tasks.

What browsers and search engines do they use?

As you might suspect from proprietary systems like these your choice of browsers and search engines are very limited indeed.

On Windows 10 S you are supplied the Microsoft Edge browser, and you’d better like it because it’s the only one you’re going to get. The same goes for the Bing search engine.

Thankfully Edge has become a lot more useful in recent months now that Microsoft has empowered it to use extensions such as ad-blockers, web clippers, and privacy/security add-ons.

Edge also has some pretty cool features built-in such as a reading list, Cortana-enabled voice search, a simplified view to make reading webpages easier, and pen integration so you can annotate a webpage with either a stylus or the trackpad.

Read our How to use Edge browser in Windows 10 for a more detailed look.

Windows 10 S vs Chrome OS

Chrome OS takes a similar approach, with the only browser on offer being the titular Chrome. This isn’t that much of a drawback though, as Chrome is now the most popular browser in the world.

Chrome is very mature platform, with lots of useful extensions, fast rendering of pages, and is regularly updated to keep things running smoothly. While it doesn’t allow you to install another browser, you can change the default search engine to Yahoo, Bing, Ask, or AOL if you prefer.

There is some question over whether the amount of functionality in Chrome is now beginning to slow down overall performance, and Microsoft is currently claiming that Edge on will give users 45% more battery life than a similar machine running Chrome.

Results will vary of course, but we’ll be putting the two browser in our lab soon and will report back with our findings.

What apps are available?

As both operating systems only allow apps that come from their relevant stores, the choices available are slightly different.

The Windows Store does have some pretty big hitters available, including streaming sites such as Netflix, Now TV, BT Sport, and Spotify reportedly on its way.

Productivity is accounted for with Office online, Evernote, OneNote, Skype, Adobe Photoshop, and Wunderlist, plus there are a number of games and general lifestyle apps.

It’s a decent selection, but if you’re an iPhone user that wants iTunes then you’ll be out of luck. Although that’s true on Chrome as well.

Obviously Windows 10 S doesn’t have the huge selection of software that traditional Windows offers, but for browsing, shopping, and light work it’s got plenty of options covered.

Chrome OS has slowly been building up a solid selection of apps on the Google Play Store over the years, and many of the streaming and productivity apps mentioned above are also to be found here.

Bear in mind though that Chromebooks are primarily designed to work online, so the need for local apps is something of an afterthought. By that token Windows 10 S can also access many of the same web-based apps used in Chrome OS. 

One interesting addition that’s slowly appearing on Chrome OS is the ability to run Android apps locally on some of the newer machines. This does open up quite a lot of possibilities - such as alternative browsers - but at the moment it’s something of a curiosity rather than a regular feature.

For more details on this read our How to install Android apps on a Chromebook tutorial.

What hardware is available?

For the most part Chromebooks are cheap and cheerful devices that usually cost around £250 and work well. You can get very compact units like the Asus Flip, or larger offerings such as the Acer Chromebook 14, that comes with a big 14-inch screen and spacious keyboard.  

There’s even a flagship device in the Google Pixel, which is absolutely gorgeous but not really a good value buy at around £900.

Take a look at our guide to the Best Chromebooks 2017 to see the pick of the current crop.

Due to their low cost and decent productivity Chromebooks have become poplar with schools, kids, and casual users. They are also a great internet browsing machine to buy your gran, as they need next to no IT support from you once you set them up.

So far Windows 10 S has only been announced on a handful of devices, the most prominent of which is the beautiful Microsoft Surface Laptop. While this seems more of an executive model (due to prices beginning at £979), the majority of Windows 10 S device are more likely to be around the same price as Chromebooks.

Windows 10 S vs Chrome OS

Acer, Dell, Asus, Samsung, and a few others have already confirmed they will be releasing Windows 10 S machines in the coming months, so check back to the site for more details of what you can expect.

Which is best?

It’s a little early yet to tell which of these platforms is the best in show.

Windows 10 S is an interesting idea, taking the world’s dominant desktop OS and making it even more secure and stable.

With these refinements come limitations though, ones that might be a bit much for long-term Windows fans.

If you can find the apps you want, and don’t mind Edge as your main gateway to the web, then Windows 10 S could be a simple and enjoyable place to spend some time.

Chrome OS offers many of the same advantages - easy to use, cheap devices, plenty of apps - and currently a wider selection of hardware on which to use it.

The addition of Android apps could swing things in its balance, but we’re really not sure how well mobile software will work on a desktop environment in the long term.

Basically if you want a stripped down OS where you can get on with basic tasks, do some shopping, and watch YouTube and a plethora of online content, then either will do just fine.

The main decider might well be which world you want to inhabit - Google’s or Microsoft’s.