Almost 100 computer experts from 16 European countries jointly battled to hold off serious cyberattacks on the European Union's security agencies and power plants as part of a simulated exercise on Thursday.
The event, Cyber Atlantic 2011, was the first joint cybersecurity exercise between the EU and the U.S. Two scenarios were acted out. The first was a targeted, stealth APT (advanced persistent threat) attack aimed at extracting and publishing online secret information from EU member states' cybersecurity agencies.
Security experts at Europe's network and information security agency, ENISA, said that this type of attack was possible in a real-world situation. "It is typical of the type of threat that is out there, although it is not based on any one specific situation. We've chosen threats that we think are real, and we haven't made life easy for ourselves by choosing attacks that are easy to repel," explained ENISA spokesman Graeme Cooper.
The second simulation focused on the disruption of supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems in power generation infrastructures. This threat is being taken very seriously by EU authorities, particularly in light of allegations that the Anonymous hacker group has attempted to infiltrate French power plants and the widespread Stuxnet attack on Iran's nuclear facilities.
More than 20 EU countries were involved in the exercise, 16 of them actively, with the European Commission providing high-level direction and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security also lending support to the national emergency teams taking part. The aim of the event is to explore how the EU and U.S. would engage each other and cooperate in the event of cyberattacks on their critical information infrastructures, and follows the first pan-European cybersecurity stress test, Cyber Europe 2010, last year.
Lessons learned from Cyber Atlantic 2011 will be used to plan potential future joint EU-U.S. cyberexercises.
"We need to do more to understand the way things operate. We have focused on the IT side obviously, but there would also be wider questions about what would happen if sensitive security data was stolen. That goes alongside securing the IT systems and fighting off attackers and malware," said Cooper.