Apple's recent introduction of several more models to its iPod family shows the company is looking for better profit margins, not gaining market share, according to researcher Gartner.

The top sign that Apple is going for the money is its lack of aggressive pricing, according to Gartner analysts Joseph Unsworth and Jon Erensen in a report today. The second-generation iPod shuffle, for example, could have been priced closer to $49 (about £26) to stimulate demand from users, since the cost of materials going into it amounts to only $30 (£16), the analysts said. Instead, the shuffle is priced at $79 (£42).

The company could have also priced the new 8GB product lower than $249 (£133), since its materials only cost $130 (£69), Gartner said; the same with its 4GB, which at $199 (£106) is far higher than the $90 (£48) value of materials inside, and the 2GB version, which is $149 (£79) and is made from materials costing only $70 (£37).

The two Gartner researchers even lamented Apple's decision to discontinue the 1GB nano, which they say could have been a nice mass-market item for around $99 (£53).

"Apple is in a secure position atop the portable media player market and has decided to strategically focus on its margin this time," the analysts said.

Indeed, Apple continued to lead the US digital music player market in the second quarter with a 75.6 percent share, according to the NPD Group, followed at a very distant second by Sandisk at 9.7 percent and Creative in third with 4.3 percent of the market.

But a lack of revolutionary new functions in the latest lineup of iPods coupled with a small price reduction could give rivals, Microsoft and its new Zune in particular, room to gain market share this year.

For one thing, Apple's rivals may not be affected by strained component supplies, since Apple won't be taking as much as it could, according to Gartner. The market researcher had predicted a shortage of Nand flash memory chips in Q4 due to strong sales of portable media players, USB flash drives and other products requiring the chips. While it still forecasts a shortage, the situation won't be as severe as previously thought, the analysts said, perhaps a 3 percent shortfall rather than the 4.6 percent shortage originally predicted.

Nand flash, one of the key data storage components for iPods, is 60 percent cheaper than last year on average, and with Apple's huge investment in Nand companies, it could have priced its iPods more aggressively to keep its market share, the analysts said.

In addition, Apple's rivals won't have to work so hard this year to keep up with the iPod because the new lineup does not redefine the portable media player market like it did last year, Gartner said. And finally, the company trimmed nano prices by only $50 (£27); in the past, the company's aggressive price cuts forced competitors to lower prices and increase storage capacity to compete.

Jill Than, a spokeswoman for Apple in Hong Kong, declined to comment immediately.

For more information on storage technology, our sister site Techworld has a comprehensive data storage resource centre.